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Introduction to COP28

The Conference of the Parties (COP), an annual climate summit under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), stands as the world's largest gathering dedicated to addressing climate change challenges. Decisions made here shape the planet's future as nations negotiate additional agreements to govern greenhouse gas emissions, leading to landmark agreements like the Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. Initially for government negotiators, it now hosts over ten thousand stakeholders, from world leaders and governmental delegates to representatives from diverse sectors, civil society, local communities, and the media.


COP28, which the United Arab Emirates (UAE) will be hosting from November 30 to December 12, holds a lot of promise for advancing crucial climate discussions. One of the pivotal topics on the agenda is the decision surrounding the loss and damage fund. This fund aims to address the profound impacts of climate change that certain regions and communities face, providing support and resources to cope with and recover from these adverse effects. A significant addition to this COP is the introduction of the “global stocktake,” which will assess the progress made globally since the Paris Agreement. This process is critical for aligning global efforts, bridging gaps in climate action, and ensuring that global targets for mitigating climate change remain on track.


The COP28 Presidency has highlighted the urgency for action across four crucial areas: Firstly, “fast-track energy” is a call to expedite the transition toward sustainable and renewable energy sources. Secondly, "fixing climate finance” aims to rectify deficiencies in funding mechanisms dedicated to climate initiatives, ensuring robust financial support for both mitigation and adaptation efforts. Additionally, COP28 highlights the importance of "focusing on nature, communities, and livelihoods” impacted by climate change. Lastly, “fostering inclusivity for all” emphasizes the need to involve diverse stakeholders in climate deliberations and actions.

In this global effort to combat climate change, COP is a pivotal driver of policy formation, yet its impact relies on collective engagement and collaboration from all quarters. Each person's contribution, even if not directly involved in COP, is essential. It is a simple truth: “Everyone is welcome, because everyone is needed. The time for promises is past. The time for action is now.”

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