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Driving Climate-Supportive Investments through the Climate FDI Framework

Climate Foreign Direct Investment (Climate FDI) refers to the foreign investments aimed at supporting countries’ goals for climate-aligned growth. These investments focus on projects dedicated to zero or low-carbon initiatives, reducing the carbon footprint of economic activities, implementing solutions to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, and bolstering infrastructure resilience against climate change effects. According to fDi Markets data, Climate FDI in Renewable Energy (RE) has already surpassed $220 billion. Beyond financial returns, Climate FDI serves as a driving force for investors seeking environmental impact and growth opportunities in the sustainability market.


Investment Promotion Agencies (IPAs) are government-established organizations that aim to attract and facilitate investments within each country. They play a crucial role in promoting investments, providing resources and information to investors, and creating an environment conducive to attracting and retaining investments. The World Economic Forum highlights the importance of embracing a comprehensive framework comprising four strategic measures crucial in catalyzing climate-supportive investments, classifying these to four measures.


Measure 1: Aligning IPA strategies and incentives with climate goals, IPAs can enhance the appeal of climate-aligned investment projects by integrating climate FDI into their strategies and KPIs. This involves setting sector priorities, coordinating incentives, and aligning de-risking instruments to support climate FDI initiatives.

Measure 2: Establishing sustainable supplier networks creates a database of domestic suppliers with sustainability dimensions and launching supplier development programs can assist local firms in adopting sustainable practices. Access to this database aids foreign and local companies in identifying potential suppliers efficiently, minimizing transaction costs, and expediting market entry and operations.

Measure 3: Matching multinational companies’s climate commitments with investment opportunities connects the climate promises made by such firms with potential investment opportunities and helps shape projects that are good for the environment. This effort not only helps these companies keep their promises about climate action but also allows countries to achieve their own goals for sustainable development.

Measure 4: Integrating Climate FDI facilitation with governments and stakeholders to reinforce national climate policy is instrumental in propelling climate-aligned FDI. This is done through bilateral or multilateral agreements between countries to establish the terms and conditions for foreign investment, providing legal protections and frameworks for investors across borders. Reviewing, reforming, and developing such agreements with dedicated provisions for climate FDI supports the advancement of investments aligned with climate objectives.

In conclusion, achieving climate-supportive investments relies on a collective push for the 3Ps: People, Profit, and Planet. Collaborative efforts among IPAs, public authorities, and private stakeholders are essential for advancing climate-aligned investment agendas. Embracing sustainability strategies, aligning incentives, fostering sustainable supplier networks, and integrating climate concerns into international investment agreements can inaugurate a new era of eco-friendly investments. These initiatives foster economic growth and pave the way for a sustainable future where investments drive positive environmental impact and shared prosperity.


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